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Wednesday, 25 May 2016

Over 6.8 lakh houses constructed under ‘Housing for All’ scheme

A house is where new dreams are born and are nurtured, thus making it one of the most basic needs for survival. But an affordable housing sometime just remains a dream for many people. To address the housing requirement of poor, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a comprehensive mission "Housing for All by 2022".
President Pranab Mukherjee in his address to the Joint Session of Parliament on 9th June, 2014 had announced that every family will have a pucca house, by the time the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. President's address had set the tone that government would be seriously committed towards welfare of urban people.

The scheme launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25th June, 2015 aims to construct more than two crore houses across the nation within a span of seven years. The scheme, which was started in 2015, would conclude in 2022.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMAY) was launched to provide housing for the rural poor while a similar scheme for urban poor was launched in 2015 as Housing for All by 2022.

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Housing for All in Urban areas aims to construct more than two crore houses in next seven years. More than, 6.8 lakh houses are already been constructed across the nation. 

The Beneficiaries of Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Housing for All include Economically weaker section (EWS) and low-income groups (LIGs).

To avail the scheme, the beneficiary family should not own a pucca house either in his/her name or in the name of any member of his/her family in any part of India. 

Central assistance would be provided to promote housing stock for urban poor, provided 35 percent of dwelling units of the projects proposed are earmarked for EWS category. A central grant of Rs. 1 Lakh to 2.3 Lakh will be provided to the urban poor beneficiaries of the scheme.

The scheme will be implemented in three phases. The Phase 1 has already being rolled out from its launch. This phase runs for two years i.e. from April 2015 and ends in March 2017. A total of 100 cities have been targeted to carry out this project. 

The Phase 2 of the PM Awas Yojana will start after the completion of Phase 1 i.e. from April 2017. The Phase 2 will will be completed by March 2019..In this phase, nearly 200 cities will be covered.

The Phase 3, which is the final phase of the scheme will start from April, 2019 and will be executed till March 2022 or till the finish of the project.

It is proposed that one crore households would be provided assistance for construction of pucca house in rural areas under the project till 2019. Under the scheme, financial assistance will be provided for construction of pucca house to all houseless and households living in dilapidated houses.

The expenditure involved in implementing the project in a span of 3 years from 2016-17 to 2018-19 is Rs.81975 crore. 

Government has also increased the size for a house from 20 square meters to 25 square metres. Every house must have a toilet and space for cooking. Government has also increased the fund allocated for the construction of a house from Rs.70,000 to Rs.1,20,000. 

A house is an economic asset and contributes to upward social mobility with salutary impact on health and educational achievement. Achieving this asset was only a dream for common man. But thanks to PM Awas Yojana, those dreams are now being fulfilled for many.

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