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Friday, 13 May 2016

Nuclear power in India

Nuclear power is the fourth-largest source of electricity in India after thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources of electricity. India has 21 nuclear reactors in operation in 7 nuclear power plants, having an installed capacity of 5780 MW and producing a total of 30,292.91 GWh of electricity while 6 more reactors are under construction and are expected to generate an additional 4,300 MW. The governmemt has reiterated
its stand to expand civil nuclear energy sector of India by increasing the number of nuclear power plants in the country and plans to start work on 19 new projects in the XII five year plan period. The plants are planned to be set in - Haryana, Karnataka,Andhra Pradesh,,Gujarat,Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan,Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra Because India is outside the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty due to its weapons program, it was for 34 years largely excluded from trade in nuclear plant or materials, which has hampered its development of civil nuclear energy until 2009. Due to earlier trade bans and lack of indigenous uranium, India has uniquely been developing a nuclear fuel cycle to exploit its reserves of thorium. Since 2010, a fundamental incompatibility between India’s civil liability law and international conventions limits foreign technology provision. India has a vision of becoming a world leader in nuclear technology due to its expertise in fast reactors and thorium fuel cycle. India’s Nuclear Power deal with USA have paved the way for India to be again part of the civilian nuclear club which would allow import of uranium fuel and nuclear technology. It would also allow Nuclear Equipment Producers like Toshiba, Areva and GE to set up Nuclear Power Plants in India. The Indian Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) is the main policy body. The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) is responsible for design, construction,commissioning and operation of thermal nuclear power plants India plans to reach a nuclear power capacity of 63,000 MW in 2032 but, after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, "populations around proposed Indian NPP sites have launched protests, raising questions about atomic energy as a clean and safe alternative to fossil fuels. There have been mass protests against the French-backed 9900 MW Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project in Maharashtra and the Russian-backed 2000 MW Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in Tamil Nadu

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