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Friday, 13 May 2016

Governing bodies of Nuclear Power in India

Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) :- The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is a department directly under the Prime Minister of India with headquarters in Mumbai. DAE has been engaged in the development of nuclear power technology, applications of radiation technologies in the fields of agriculture, medicine, industry and basic research. DAE comprises five research centers, three industrial organisations, five public sector undertakings and three service organisations. Indian Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) :- The Atomic Energy Commission was set up in August 1948 to look after atomic energy activities in the country
. The Atomic Energy Commission is the governing body of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). The functions of the Atomic Energy Commission are: To organise research in atomic scientists in the country To train, atomic scientists in the country To promote nuclear research in commission's own laboratories as well as in India To undertake prospecting of atomic minerals in India and to extract such minerals for use on industrial scale Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL):- Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is a Public Sector Enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). It is wholly owned by the Central Government and is responsible for the generation of nuclear power for electricity. NPCIL was the sole body responsible for constructing and operating India's commercial nuclear power plants till setting up of BHAVINI ( Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam ) in October 2003. Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd. (BHAVINI) The Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd. (BHAVINI) is a government-owned corporation of India established in 2004 in Chennai. BHAVINI come under the under the administrative control of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE). It is responsible for the construction, commissioning and operation of all Stage II fast breeder reactors envisaged as part of the country’s three stage nuclear power programme Once the first fast breeder reactor, called Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) goes into commercial power production, BHAVINI will be the second power utility in India after Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL), to use nuclear fuel sources to generate power Currently we have twenty-one nuclear power reactors with a total install capacity of 5,780 MW (3.5% of total installed base). The nuclear power plants are located mostly in southern and western parts of the country.Tarapur is India’s oldest facility and has 1200 MW capacity.Kota in Rajastan has India’s second largest nuclear power capacity at 1080 MW. Nuclear Power Plants in India SI.No Nuclear PowerPlant Location State Capacity 1. Narora Atomic Power Station Narora Uttar Pradesh 440 MW 2. Rajasthan Atomic Power Station Rawatbhata Rajasthan 1180 MW 3. Tarapur Atomic Power Station Tarapur Maharashtra 1400 MW 4. Kakrapar Atomic Power Station Kakrapar Gujarat 440 MW 5. Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant Kudankulam Tamilnadu 1000 MW 6. Madras Atomic Power Station Kalpakkam Tamilnadu 220 MW 7. Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant Kaiga Karnataka 880 MW 8. Madras Atomic Power Station Kalpakkam Tamil Nadu 220 MW New Sites for Nuclear Power Plants:- Haripur,West Bengal Saurashtra,Gujarat Pati Sonapur,Orissa Jaitapur,Maharashtra Kudankulam,Tamil Nadu Kumaharia,Haryana Pulivendula,Andhra Pradesh Nuclear deals signed with major nuclear suppliers Recently India has entered into a commercial contract with Canada for the supply of 3,000 tonnes of uranium over five years. This will help achieve continuous and sustained power generation and higher plant load factor of the nuclear power plants in the country. Canada is the third country to supply uranium to India after Russia and Kazakhstan.The supplies will be under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. India also signed a civil nuclear deal with Australia in September last year to sell uranium NPCIL and Russian supplier AtomStroyExport have signed a deal for the initial supply of two VVER 1,000 reactors for the Kudankulam project. -

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